Near to the town of Birkenhead on the Wirral is Upton, a small village which forms the junction of roads from the surrounding towns of Moreton, Claughton, Saughall, Greasby and Woodchurch. At the time of the Doomsday Book the village was under the sway of land-owner William Mallbank, who had a number of slaves working for him alongside a few smallholders who plied their trade within the bounds of the estate. During the Middle Ages the village played host to regular produce markets, as well as several annual fairs thought to be of considerable prestige in the local area. By way of a memorial to locals that lost their lives during World War I, the 19th century manor house, "The Elms", which lies on Salacre Lane in Upton, was bought by public demand, re-named "Victory Hall", and the names of the dead were engraved on a cross outside. An additional plaque with the names of those who died in the Second World War was added in 1947.